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About Prostate Cancer
African Caribbean men are three times more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer than white men in the UK.  This is a fact that has been confirmed by two UK studies.  The largest study to confirm this is called the PROCESS study
  • The majority of men affected by prostate cancer in the general UK population are over the age of 65
  • African Caribbean men are more likely to present with prostate cancer at a younger age than expected - approximately five years earlier.   Black men are increasingly diagnosed in the late 40’s to early 60’s
  • Prostate cancer can affect more than one close male family member.   Diagnosis under the expected age is more likely in families affected
  • Keeping a record of the number of family members affected and their age at diagnosis is important for both family members and health services
  • Prostate cancer can be treated and treatments in the UK are improving
  • Lack of cancer awareness contributes to late diagnosis in BME communities
  • Cancer rates are likely to increase as BME communities age and adopt a different lifestyle

The prostate gland is found underneath the bladder wrapped around the tube that carries urine; it is normally the size of a walnut.  It gradually gets bigger as men age and this can squeeze the tube from the bladder, and interrupt or stop the flow of urine.
A significant number of men over the age of 50 will experience symptoms that are associated with the enlargement of their prostate gland, also known as BPH (Begin Prostatic Hyperplasia).  This may lead to problems when passing urine.
Pain when ejaculating or urinating may be a BPH symptom, but this is less common.  BPH is not cancer and it has not been found to increase the rise of prostate cancer.   Inflammation or infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis) can also cause symptoms that are similar to prostate cancer symptoms.  Prostatitis is more likely to affect young men (age 30-50).  It can cause stinging when passing urine and pain between the lower back and testicles.
The majority of men with urinary problems do not have prostate cancer but some men with prostate cancer may also find they have additional conditions like BPH or less commonly prostatitis. Some men with prostate cancer may have no symptoms, but all men over 50 should be aware of the their increased risk.
What is Prostate Cancer? | Cancer Research UK
A few common symptoms that are worth a discussion with your doctor or another qualified health professional are listed below. However, it is important to note that having the following symptoms does not necessarily mean that you have prostate cancer.

Problems Passing Urine (peeing)
  • Weak flow
  • Needing to pee more often
  • Bladder feels like it is not fully emptied
  • Difficult when starting to pee
  • Dribbling pee (an absorbent pad inside underwear helps)
  • Having to rush to the nearest toilet

Less common
  • Pain when peeing
  • Pain when ejaculating
  • Pain in the testicles
  • Stinging sensation when peeing

Other symptoms
  • New abnormal persistent pain in the lower back, hips or pelvis
  • Cannot get or keep an erection
  • Blood in the urine or semen (unusual)

If you are affected by any of the above symptoms, then make an appointment to see your doctor.   Most men are likely to have a condition which is not of concern, such as BPH, rather than prostate cancer.  Furthermore, treatments for prostate cancer are improving.